Dr. Daniel Pauly, Marine Biologist & Fisheries Expert on Overfishing & Ocean Crisis
Dr. Daniel Pauly’s scientific output, mainly dedicated to the management of fisheries, and to ecosystem modeling, comprises numerous contributions to peer-reviewed journals, authored and edited books, reports and popular articles, and the concepts, methods and software he (co-) developed are in use throughout the world. This applies notably to the ecosystem modeling approach incorporated in the Ecopath software (see www.ecopath.org), to FishBase, the online encyclopedia of fishes (see www.fishbase.org), and the global mapping mapping of fisheries trends (see www.seaaroundus.org).
Dr. Pauly became a Professor at UBC’s Fisheries Centre in 1994, after many years at the International Centre for Living Aquatic Resource Management (ICLARM), then in Manila, Philippines.
Click on link below to download a PDF of by Dr. Pauly: The Sea Around Us Project Documenting and Communicating on Marine Ecosystems Dr. Donald Pauly.
Global Warming & Overfishing: Sea the Truth–
Dr. Daniel Pauly on Danger for Ocean Life
Below is Scientific American profile of Dr. Daniel Pauly, Going to the Edge to Protect the Sea, and each image is enlargeable for viewing or download the PDF by clicking on Science link: Science_19April02.
Dr. Daniel Pauly Videos
Dr. Daniel Pauly’s Disappearing Fish, Trek Magazine
A UBC scientist, famous for his outspoken criticism of global fisheries, has been named one of the 50 most influential scientists in the world in the December issue of Scientific American. Daniel Pauly, director of UBC’s Fisheries Centre, is a world authority on declining fish stocks, and how they respond to environmental pressures, ecosystem fluctuations and commercial fishing.
After a peripatetic childhood in Germany, France and the U.S., Pauly earned a Ph.D. in fisheries biology at the University of Kiel. Afterwards, he traveled extensively in Africa, Indonesia and the Java Sea carrying out research and growing ever-more concerned about the state of the world’s fish stocks.
Once in tropical waters, he realized that methods used to analyze fish in temperate waters could not be applied to tropical fish. Dr. Pauly developed original methods to collect data on tropical fisheries, methods that did not depend on expensive equipment. He feels strongly that researchers in developing countries are the best ones to study their own fisheries, and that the tools must be affordable.
Pauly’s research has shown that the world’s most preferred commercial fish, such as cod, tuna, haddock, flounder and hake, are already seriously overfished. A report written by Pauly and other researchers in 2002 predicts that, at current fishing rates, these and other preferred fish will be all but extinct. The study also showed that the catch of these fish has declined by half in the past 50 years while efforts to harvest them has tripled.
Pauly came to UBC in 1994 and was named director of the Fisheries Centre in 2003. His research has resulted in the most important global database on fish stocks, Fish Base, which contains information on more than 28,000 fish species. The database, which includes information on a specie’s distribution, biology, importance, population growth rate and risk status can be accessed at www.fishbase.org. He also developed Ecopath, an ecosystem modeling program that predicts how fish may respond to changes in their environment.
Most fishery scientists, says Pauly, are only concerned with the fish stocks around their particular geographical area. He and his colleagues have taken on the global view, and that view isn’t good. If commercial fishing is not heavily regulated, he says, there will be little left to harvest in the seas outside of the lowest levels of the food chain, such as sea cucumbers and plankton. Pauly and his colleagues say the only solution is to reduce global fishing drastically and to establish zones where fishing is absolutely prohibited so they can grow large, breed and replenish. The public, he says, must demand wholesale change in the way fish are harvested or lose forever most of the species.